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Hence, the definition of Hin is not similar to the definition of curry mentioned by Col. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 9, winner 0f the Nobel Peace Prize for , also wrote in her book "Freedom from Fear", on page "The basic item of a Burmese meal is usually rice, taken with what westerners would describe as a 'curry'. However, Burmese 'curries' are not quite the same as the better-known Indian ones. The Burmese use less spices but more garlic and ginger.

Fish products are also an important part of Burmese cooking.

Lu Zoe [WorldCat Identities]

Fish sauce and dried shrimps are used for flavouring. However, people from the subcontinent cannot stand the smell of ngapi and nganpyayay. They never use them in their dishes. The over-sensitive remark of Indians on ngapi was copied by R. Kipling as: "fish pickled when it ought to have been buried long ago". Sir James Scott Shway Yoe , on the other hand, remarked that: " the smell of Ngapi is certainly not charming to uneducated nose, but the Backsteiner or Limburger cheese of Southern Germany is equally ill-calculated to evoke approbation on first experience".

However, this dish too, does not have any curry ingredients.

A Japanese scholar, Yasuko Dobashi10 also noticed this wrong translation and wrote therefore: " the Burmese word Hin is the subsidiary food taken with rice. It is just like "Okazu" in Japanese meals. There is no exact English word for it". Daw Mi Mi Khaing11 also mentioned: "Due to a common colonial past with India the English word "Curry" is still used by Burmese as a ready translation for their main meat or fish dish Hin.

In fact, not half of such dishes contain curry-spice in the Indian style". Unfortunately, however, because of the same colonial past and more or less because of the influence of Indian English on the English language used in Burma, especially at the beginning of the colonial era, most of the people in Burma use the word "Curry" as a ready-made translation of Hin , although it is incorrect.

I have several times heard incorrect translations like "Chinese Curry" for Chinese dishes, "Japanese Curry" for Japanese dishes, "European Curry" for European dishes and "sour curry" or "acid curry" for sour soup and so forth used by my own compatriots when they speak in English. The biggest mistake is, they usually say: "We Burmese eat rice and curry" instead of saying "We Burmese eat cooked rice and any side or main dish which is called Hin in our language which you westerners would name as curry".

Esche 12 and the late Prof. Richter13 were misled and used the word "Curry" for the general translation of the Burmese word Hin in their older publications without carefully checking the real facts. This was corrected in their later publications Actually, they call their dishes Kaeng in Thai and Lauk in Malay. However, in a country like the Philippines, where American English rather than British English or Anglo-Indian terminology is preferred, nobody calls their dishes "Curry", although some of their dishes are very similar to those of their southeast Asian neighbours.

Instead the English word "Viand" or their own word Ulam is used. Another example is Indonesia which became a Dutch colony. Although Malay and Indonesian are very similar languages and some of their dishes are identical, the Malays use the ready-made translation "Curry" but the Indonesians rarely. In fact, the Burmese word Hin, the Thai word Kaeng, the Malay word Lauk, Filipino word Ulam and the Japanese word Okazu have the same meaning, namely any kind of dish taken with their major staple food, cooked rice.

Serving and Eating in the Burmese Way 2. Dining Table As in most Asian countries, dining tables in Burma are low and round. They are about 30 centimetres off the floor. Generally, people eat with their fingers, using only the finger tips.

Myanmar or Burma?

Palms must not be smeared with Htamin and Hin, because this is considered to be "uncultured". Usually, people wash their hands properly with soap before and after eating. However, Prof. So, it can not be ruled out that he was influenced by Dr. Esche's Burmese-German Dictionary published for the later translation of "Curry" for the Burmese word "Hin" in his book published in Instead of alcoholic beverages, a pot of plain tea or a jug of water is served. All the courses of a meal will be laid simultaneously on the table. Generally, beef is not a major element in the Burmese meal 15, and milk is used only sparingly A Burmese host will keep company in the Burmese way.

Taste Since there are no exact expressions in the English language for some Burmese flavours and spices, I have taken the liberty of using botanical names written in Italics. There is one social and cultural reason. Burma was and still is an agricultural land. Cows, oxen and buffaloes were and are used for ploughing paddy fields and pulling carts. People, especially farmers and peasants consider these animals as their comrades. Therefore, they avoid eating these meats if possible. By using this "word of courtesy" the Burmese can excuse themselves by means of not eating "the meat of their own friend or comrade".

Instead they use the term of courtesy that they eat "the meat of a wild animal got from hunting" if they want to eat beef!!

Myanmar Traditional Food

The calves are not yet used for ploughing, and therefore they cannot be considered as comrades. However, Burmese never eat veal for humanitarian reasons.

Our Journey to Myanmar (Burma)

Nor can veal be found in markets and butchers' shops, although almost all beef -butchers are either offspring of Muslim settlers from the subcontinent or "Burmese Muslims" of mixed blood Indian-Burmese!! Hence, the drinking of milk means the stealing of calves' food. So, some devoted Buddhists rarely drink milk. Specimen Menu 2. A Full Course used in Buddhists Festivals 2. Htamin and Hins Htamin or cooked rice is compulsory because it is a major staple food. Many Hins, main or side dishes are served.

Although bean sprouts and bean curds tofu are of Chinese origin, the salad dressing is purely Burmese style. The size of meat in the reddish-brown pork is as big as a fist as you see!

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Taste it, and be in seventh heaven! So, they have to plan according to their budget. Generally, they eat Htamin cooked rice, which is a major staple with only one Hin, either soup or fried vegetables. Noodle Dishes There are a variety of wheat, rice and soya noodles. Some are fresh and some are fermented. Some are sold dry and some fresh, all of them vary in size and taste.

Generally, noodles are called "Kaukswe". This Burmese word is believed to be the corruption of the Shan Tai word "Kawsein" or Thai Siamese word "Kausoi" literal meaning "rice thread". Assorted fries are eaten together with strong chilly-garlic sauce. Changes in Burmese Cuisine during the Colonial Period 3.

The whole of Burma was occupied by the British in Hence, people from the subcontinent could come to Burma freely and unconditionally and some were brought by the British for many reasons Only from that time did real Indian influences in Burmese daily life such as cuisine, architecture and language begin. This book chronicles the development and distribution of food in Burma, from the deltas, plains, and mountains, to the great rivers and more. The Food of Burma shows the unique diversity of Burmese food and the manner in which it has developed over the years. Highlight within are chapters detailing traditional meals, cooking methods, celebratory festival food, and traditional ingredients.

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In addition to the vast amount of information regarding the history of Burmese food, this book also serves as a cookbook with over 60 authentic recipes from all over the country. Availability can change throughout the month based on the library's budget. You can still place a hold on the title, and your hold will be automatically filled as soon as the title is available again. The OverDrive Read format of this ebook has professional narration that plays while you read in your browser. Learn more here. You've reached the maximum number of titles you can currently recommend for purchase.

Your session has expired. Please sign in again so you can continue to borrow titles and access your Loans, Wish list, and Holds pages. If you're still having trouble, follow these steps to sign in. Myanmar is also a country that changes quickly, so online guides usually have the latest information for pre-trip planning.

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